oroimena bizirikOroimena Bizirik | Gerra Zibila eta frankismoko biktimen omenez - Recuperación de la memoria e historia

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Bakeola, Center for Conflict Mediation and Regulation at EDE taldea works in Active Remembrance by telling and spreading the history of the persons who were either murdered or imprisoned and victims of violations of their basic rights during the Spanish Civil War and the period afterwards.

Victims of these mass violations had been acknowledged and socially recognized in three main fields: right to truth, right to justice and right to recognition,  which means compensation, commemoration, recovery and preservation in order to keep memory of the past and to avoid it taking place again.

In the last few years, we can mention different public and private initiatives at local, regional and national level aiming to spread and let society know what happened during Franco’s oppressive regime:

  • The Department of Housing and Social Affairs of the Basque Government has been running from 2002 several projects concerning research on the persons who were imprisoned during the Spanish Civil War and afterwards.
  • Spanish 52/2007 Law recognizes rights of the victims and sets up measures to support those who were prosecuted, deported and victims of violence during Franco’s regime. The so-called Law of Active Remembrance tries to answer to the victims’ and their associations’claim.

Despite these institutional efforts, associations and private organizations keep on leading most projects and initiatives in this field.  This is the reason why Bakeola, Center for Conflict Mediation and Regulation undertakes a deep and comprehensive work focused on commemoration of the victims by arranging exhibitions such as Oroimena bizirik (Living memories).

The exhibition

During the Spanish Civil War and Franco’s regime there were uncountable victims suffering from severe abuse such as tortures, extrajudicial executions, murders, attacks against civil population, political, religious or racial persecution, arbitrary imprisonment, forced labour and other acts defined as crimes against humanity.

This exhibition aims to be a recognition for all those people, to recover the value of collective memory and generate social fabric in order to embrace the victims and show empathy to them. In this way, citizens would be the living guarantee of non-recurrence of what happened.

This itinerant exhibition is organised around four different areas and can be visited self-guided or through guided tours.

FIRST AREA: We situate, what happened? GLOBAL FRAME

Getting closer to the facts occurred in Spain and the Basque Country during the Spanish Civil War and right after this period.

SECOND AREA: And what about my town/city, what happened? LOCAL FRAME

Facts and events that took place in your town/city during the Spanish Civil War and Franco’s regime.

THIRD AREA: Who are the people that lived this?

Area destined to those people who suffered, to the lives of several forgotten men and women -victims all of them- and their relatives, and particularly to all the murdered or disappeared citizens during those years.

FOURHT AREA: What can I do?

Solidarity and guarantees of non-recurrence are cultivated, the necessity of defending human rights and both group and personal commitments are also worked in the nearby context.

Fact sheet

  • Length: 90 minutes
  • Elaboration year: 2010
  • Language: Basque and Spanish
  • Exhibition author: Bakeola, Centre for mediation and regulation of conflicts

Contributors of the exhibition:

  • Peace museum of Gernika
  • Aranzadi Society of Sciences
  • Ethnographic Museum of Bilbao
  • Museum of Basque Nationalism. Sabino Arana Foundation
  • Lenbur Foundation

The value of the exhibition lies in the fact that for its start-up the participation of the organizations that work memory and history becomes essential, as well as the involvement of local people that can contribute with their testimony, memories, photographs, objects and active involvement. In this way the history and memory, in addition to the rights of all the victims, can be reconstructed and recovered.

Design of exhibition boards: Arazi IKT S.L.

The exhibition emotionally involves every person that visits it. Collects testimonies of those who lived the war and the post-war in the town/city where it is exhibited; their experiences, emotions, their doubts and questions, their pain and the horror of what they lived; but not only that: the exhibition also collects facts and attitudes that exude hope messages.


If you are a town/city council, an association, a teacher and/or a citizen and want to move this exhibition closer to your town/city, these are the requirements to be exhibited:

  • A minimum of COORDINATION AND WORKING time with you, during which Bakeola does team research on people, relatives and the facts that occurred in your town/city during the Civil War and Franco’s regime in order to exhibit all this information in the exhibition. The aim is to let the citizens tell their own history.
  • The exhibition needs a spacious room of a minimum of 100 square meters. Minimum security conditions are also required.
  • Supervision of the exhibition during the time period that remains in your town/city/educational centre
  • Glass exhibition cabinets to exhibit material and objects related to the exhibition

Click on the plan to see the materials that form each area:


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This area aims at showing victim’s lives and testimonies. After a research work has been done, people in your town/city will be recorded and programmed viewings will be available in order to see their life experiences.

Other interesting videos:

Educational materials

Bakeola has an educational programme directed to young people (over 13 years old).

This set of activities allows not only analysing and thinking about what happened during the civil war and Franco’s regime, but also gives access to victim’s testimonies and helps to recognize their truth and suffering while encourages the value of collective memory as a means of developing non-violent skills.

The programme is divided as follows and developed in two different contexts:

  • The school context or the reference centre context. (2 sessions) Increasing SENSITIVITY.
    The aim of these sessions is to make a first approach in order to analyze the facts that occurred, how much they know about the subject, what have they heard of it and also to increase their vision range. It also pretends to help in learning how to identify violence and violation of human rights, both of them lived in our recent history by many people.
  • The exhibition context. Working the ATTITUDE.
    History aims at being materialized, sought, touched and felt by visiting the different areas of this exhibition and also trough the people that lived that historical moment.
    The activities are programmed to channel emotions and feelings, to work how to handle fear to others, to develop empathy skills and solidarity commitment with victims, as well as to work commitment with justice and non-violence.


If you want this exhibition to be shown at your municipality, school and so on, don’t hesitate to contact us:

  • E-mail: bakeola@bakeola.org
  • Web: www.bakeola.org
  • Telephone: +34 94 400 99 99

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